ARTHROSES / JOINTS

Classified on the basis of


STRUCTURE++++ movement ........................................FUNCTION+++++ movement

  • Fibrous.......................... N - Slight ..............._* Synarthroses .................N
.....- sutures................................................................ - sutures
.....- syndesmoses ......................................................- synchondroses
.....- gomphoses ..........................................................- gomphoses

  • Cartilaginous................. N - slight ........................* Amphiartrhoses ............slight
.....- synchondroses .......................................................- synchondroses
.....- symphyses............................................................ - symphyses

  • Synovial..................... free...................................* Diarthroses free
..........- hinge, pivot, plane, condyloid, saddle, ball-and-socket

Questions

1.1 Provide specific examples of each type of joint mentioned above.

1.2 Draw a simple line diagram of each type of joint mentioned above.
........Provide labels for all the parts.

2.1 What is the defining characteristic of a synovial joint?

2.2 List the parts that are common to all synovial joints.

2.3 Draw an annotated line diagram of a typical synovial joint.

2.4 Describe the function of bursae in joints

2.5 Describe the function of tendon sheaths in joints

3.1 List the factors that influence the stability of synovial joints

3.2 Briefly explain each of the factors mentioned above.

4. Draw a detailed annotated line diagram of each of the following joints:
..........knee , elbow , shoulder , hip

5. Provide a detailed description of each of the joints mentioned in no. 4. Mention the major muscles and tendons that surround/support the joints.

6. Describe the location and components of the rotator cuff .

7. Provide a brief description of each of the following conditions:
sprains, cartilage injuries, dislocations, bursitis, tendonitis, arthritis, osteoarthritis,rheumatoid arthritis, gouty arthritis, ankylosis, spondylitis.

8. Explain the following terms: flexion, extention, dorsiflexion, plantar flexion, adduction, abduction, circumduction, rotation, supination, pronation, inversion, eversion,

COMPLETE THE REVIEW QUESTIONS AT THE END OF THE SECTION OF JOINTS (Chapter 8) IN YOUR TEXT BOOK.