Diseases/Disorders/Homeostatic imbalances of The Cardiovascular system

"From a public health perspective, if people consume more low-fat dairy foods rather than high-fat dairy foods, they will benefit from a reduced risk of stroke and other positive health outcomes," Larsson said.
The benefits of low-fat dairy foods are likely due to the vitamins and minerals they contain: calcium, potassium, magnesium and vitamin D.
"It is possible that vitamin D in low-fat dairy foods may explain, in part, the observed lowered risk of stroke in this study because of its potential effect on blood pressure," she said.
The study has been published in the American Heart Association's journal Stroke.

The section below is largely copied & pasted from Wikipedia



Can be very dangerous if it goes undetected.

The cardinal symptom of hypotension is lightheadedness or dizziness. If the blood pressure is sufficiently low, fainting and often seizures will occur.
Many of the symptoms may appear the same as for hypertension thus the danger as people are more aware of hypertension and its treatment.
Low blood pressure is sometimes associated with certain symptoms, many of which are related to causes rather than effects of hypotension:

Chest pain

Shortness of breath

Irregular heartbeat

Fever higher than 38.3°C (101°F)

Profuse sweating


Stiff neck

Severe upper back pain

Cough with phlegm

Prolonged diarrhea or vomiting



Foul-smelling urine

Adverse effect of medications

Acute, life-threatening allergic reaction


Loss of consciousness

Profound fatigue

Temporary blurring or loss of vision

In some cases loss of hair

Connective tissue disorder Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome



Signs of stroke: If there is no sign of physical disturbance of the normal appearance or balance, check the following:


Speech - can the person construct a coherent simple sentence and speak clearly
Smile - without any defects i.e. the face not pulling to one side or any abnormal stretch/contraction/lack of movement of the facial muscles
Stretch- can the person stretch both arms in the same direction to the same height, preferably lifting it toward the head.
Tongue - does the tongue appear thicker than usual, which may be detected from the speech or by examining it if it did not affect the speech.

Chronic Venous Insufficiency : Chronic venous insufficiency or CVI is a medical condition where the veins cannot pump enough oxygen-poor blood back to the heart.[1] It is sometimes referred to as an "impaired musculovenous pump", this is due to damaged or "incompetent" valves as may occur after deep vein thrombosis (when the disease is called postthrombotic syndrome) or phlebitis.

Ischemic Heart disease

Congestive Heart Failure : Heart failure (HF) often called congestive heart failure (CHF) is generally defined as the inability of the heart to supply sufficient blood flow to meet the needs of the body. Heart failure can cause a number of symptoms including shortness of breath, leg swelling, and exercise intolerance.

Heart attack= Myocardial infarction : Myocardial infarction (MI) or acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as a heart attack, results from the interruption of blood supply to a part of the heart, causing heart cells to die. This is most commonly due to occlusion (blockage) of a coronary artery following the rupture of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque, which is an unstable collection of lipids (cholesterol and fatty acids) and white blood cells (especially macrophages) in the wall of an artery. The resulting ischemia (restriction in blood supply) and ensuing oxygen shortage, if left untreated for a sufficient period of time, can cause damage or death (infarction) of heart muscle tissue (myocardium).

Angina pectoris : Angina pectoris, commonly known as angina, is chest pain[1] due to ischemia (a lack of blood, thus a lack of oxygen supply and waste removal) of the heart muscle, generally due to obstruction or spasm of the coronary arteries (the heart's blood vessels). Coronary artery disease, the main cause of angina, is due to atherosclerosis of the cardiac arteries
ventricular arrhythmias : are serious because a regular rhythm in the ventricles is needed to maintain blood supply to the lungs and the body. A ventricular arrhythmia caused by a heart attack can in turn cause cardiac arrest, cutting off the blood supply to the body and brain. If that happens, brain damage and death can result within minutes after the onset of the heart attack

DVT , May-Thurner syndrome is a rare condition in which blood clots, called deep venous thrombosis (DVT), occur in the iliofemoral vein due to compression of the blood vessels in the leg. The specific problem is compression of the left common iliac vein by the overlying right common iliac artery.[citation needed] This leads to pooling or stasis of blood, predisposing the individual to the formation of blood clots.

Mitral regurgitation (MR), mitral insufficiency or mitral incompetence is a disorder of the heart in which the mitral valve does not close properly when the heart pumps out blood. It is the abnormal leaking of blood from the left ventricle, through the mitral valve, and into the left atrium, when the left ventricle contracts, i.e. there is regurgitation of blood back into the left atrium. MR is the most common form of valvular heart disease.

An aortic aneurysm is a general term for any swelling (dilation or aneurysm) of the aorta to greater than 1.5 times normal, usually representing an underlying weakness in the wall of the aorta at that location. While the stretched vessel may occasionally cause discomfort, a greater concern is the risk of rupture, which causes severe pain; massive internal hemorrhage; and, without prompt treatment, death occurs rapidly.